Benign Paroxysmal Positional Vertigo (BPPV)
BPPV is a result of dysfunction within the inner ear complex. It is caused by otoconia (calcium carbonate crystals) becoming dislodged from the inner ear (saccule & utricle). These crystals then enter one of three vestibular canals (anterior, posterior, horizontal), and causes the ampullae to become disrupted. This can lead to the sensation of vertigo. BPPV is the most common cause of vertigo. Other causes, although less common are Meniere’s Disease and Vestibular Neuritis.
Vertigo is described as a sensation whereby a person or the surrounding environment is spinning while in a stationary position. It is often brought on by moving the head to look up, rolling over in bed, or getting out of bed.
Signs and symptoms can include :
- Sensation of spinning, tilting, rocking or falling
- Vomiting or nausea
- Abnormal eye movements (nystagmus)
- Difficulty standing or walking
- Neck tightness
- Blurred vision
If you have any of these symptoms, a thorough examination by one of the physiotherapists at Horizon Physiotherapy can help to identify if you have BPPV, and then a treatment and management plan will be devised to aid in your recovery.